ISEM History

Prof. Sun Lee M.D.

Sun Lee, M.D. (Korean Name: Sil Heung Lee) came to US and received postgraduate education (Internship-Wheeling; Surgical residency-St. Francis Hospital; Fellowship-University of Pittsburgh) at Pittsburgh in 1955. He developed various vascular-organ transplantation techniques in domestic animals and rats and performed clinical kidney transplants (8 cases with Prof. B. Fisher).

Starting from 1957, he also perfected and reported rat portacaval anastomosis, arteriovenous fistula, liver arterialization and kidney transplantation in rats. In 1964, by Dr. Frank Dixon’s invitation at Scripps, Dr. Sun Lee applied rat kidney transplants to various immunopathological studies, sharing academic interests with the Harvard groups (Prof. Merrill, Prof. Rowinski of Poland, Prof. Guttmann of Canada) and Prof. Cortesini of Rome and others. At the Scripps, rat liver transplantations were performed with collaboration of Prof. Edgington and this work was extended to Dr. Sun Lee’s career at UCSD. In the meantime he studied techniques of pancreaticoduodenal transplant, spleen, heart-lung, testicular transplants and ovarian follicle implantation in rats.

In 1968, Dr. Lee joined newly organized medical school and Dr. Marshall Orloff and Dr. Sun Lee studied various phases of rat liver transplant and alloxan diabetic rats syngeneically and allogeneically received normal rat pancraticoduodenum. After the retirement in 1985, Dr. Sun Lee still possessed academical exchange with the University of California San Diego Medical School and the Scripps. He further directed research in consecutive organ transplant studies at San Diego Microsurgical Institute.

Our Founder and beloved Mentor Professor Sun Lee, "Father" of Experimental Microsurgery, died peacefully on October 4, 2015 at his home in La Jolla, California. We will preserve his memory in our hearts and in our activity!

Prof. Dr. Robert Zhong

The International Society for Experimental Microsurgery always remember for Professor Robert Zhong, the scientist, the teacher, the mentor, the man. His work, achievement and his whole life should be an example for younger generations. His spirit will be ever-present in our minds.

Dr. Robert Zhong was born in Shanghai, China, January 16, 1946. Died in London Ontario, September 8, 2006.

Dr. Zhong was a Canada Research Chair in Transplantation and Experimental Surgery, a Professor of Surgery, Microbiology & Immunology and Pathology, Director of Experimental Surgery at The University of Western Ontario in the Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry. He was a Scientist at Robarts Research Institute, Director of the Microsurgery Laboratory at London Health Sciences Centre and a Scientist with Lawson Health Research Institute.

Dr. Zhong was directing a world-class microsurgery and primate surgery transplant team developing animal models that bridge basic research and clinical application. This team is internationally renowned for its long tradition of establishing novel transplant animal models, testing of new immunosuppressive agents and xenotransplantation. Dr. Zhong held several peer-review funds including NIH, CIHR, and CFI. He has authored 150 papers in high profile journals including Nature, Nature Medicine, Lancet, etc. He was also a member of the editorial board for Transplantation, Xenotransplantation, Microsurgery etc.

Dr. Zhong was the President of the International Society for Experimental Microsurgery between 1998-2000 and received the Dr. Sun Lee Award for his outstanding contributions in experimental transplant microsurgery.

Dr. Zhong was a world-class expert in experimental microsurgery and transplantation. Ted Hewitt, Vice-President of University of Western Ontario (Research and International Relations): "Dr. Zhong was paramount in making Canada a leader in organ transplant research," he says. "The Western community is saddened by his passing - we extend our deepest sympathies to his family."

"Bob Zhong was one of Western's foremost scientists and teachers, and a real gentleman. He provided superb leadership to his research colleagues, fellows and graduate students in the pursuit of improved knowledge and practice in transplant surgery," says Carol Herbert, Dean of the Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry. "His talent and skill in microvascular surgery was recognized worldwide, as was his humility and integrity. We will strive to continue to advance the work for which he had such a passion and commitment."